Tuesday, 24 February 2015

History of Pakistan Education

Multiple Education Systems in History of Pakistan

At the time of birth in 1,947 the nation had no resources to survive and make strong education in Pakistan; however with the passage of time hundreds of institutions and training centers were established all over the country. Major two systems throughout history were introduced; traditional and modern. The traditional directed towards Islamic schools called madrassahs. The number of Islamic schools (madrassahs) has increased since 1,995 due to strong movement by Afghan Mujahidin against Western culture and modernism. These movements in Pakistan and Afghanistan have bad effects against modern culture and pressurize the nation accordingly. Some political parties still have soft corner about Islamic schools (madrassahs) in the country. But the state has failed to register these madrassahs all over the country and only 4,500 madrassahs are registered. Modern system has long history directed towards modern schooling from primary to university level. Due to this modern culture Pakistan has millions of doctors, engineers; bankers etc. who are serving all over the world. The nation looking preferred this modern culture on Islamic schooling.

Role of Muslim Leaders to Promote Modern culture in Pakistan Education history

Muslim Leaders for History of Pakistan Education
Muslim Leaders for History of Pakistan Education
A long time ago Muslim leaders focused only Islamic/ Arabic culture but near about partition of Sub-Continent, these Muslim leaders decided to adopt modern learning system initiated by the British. As a result a Muslim leader Sir Syed Ahmed Khan tried to introduce Pakistani youth with English language. This language was used as medium of instructions. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan has realized that Muslim community will fall behind if they did not prefer this learning technique on Islamic method. In 1875, Anglo-Oriental College was established under his leadership. This institution produced hundreds of advanced graduates, hundreds of students moved to England to get higher studies. This college produced politicians which played an important role in Muslim movements.

Role of Institutions to build strong Education History of Pakistan

In the presidency of major cities like Madras, Bombay and Calcutta, three universities were established in 1857. These universities provided good chance to get graduate degrees in social sciences and natural sciences. Resultant, these institutions produced hundreds of graduates and master degree holders. On strong movement by Hindus community to adopt modern study system, all Muslim leaders decided to follow them accordingly. According to 1973 Pakistan Constitution, Urdu language must be used in all offices so; it was decided to give status to Urdu language as National Language. Both English and Urdu languages have long history.

Effects of 9/11 Incident on Pakistan Education System and History of Pakistan

After 9/11 incident, Pakistan had to revise education policies especially for Islamic schools (madrassahs) to
9/11 & Education in Pakistan
9/11 & Education in Pakistan
avoid terrorist activities. Hundreds of girl’s schools have badly effected through terrorism and extremism especially in rural areas of KPK and Baluchistan. The sitting government decided to take action against these terrorists and formulate “National Action Plan”. This government has announced to increase learning GDP from 2% to 5% during next 5 years. Due to absence of democratic environment throughout history every government had different direction of “National Education Policies”. Thousands of doctors, engineers have moved to advanced countries due to such environment and culture. Currently, Pakistan has 5% population of non-Muslims. These minorities have established their own institutions. These institutions have produced thousands of graduates all over the country.


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